Copyright Woes

          This week in my 5316 DLL class I have learned about copyright laws, copyright infringement, fair use, open source, and plagiarism. There is a lot to learn about all of these, a lot more than I can learn in one week. This is going to be a continuing education concept for sure. Copyright and plagiarism can be somewhat blurred at times. In order to ensure that I nor my students are not plagiarizing and abiding by the copyright laws I must be aware of the rules, laws, and regulations. Which there are many. I deal with copyright issues a lot in the classroom because my students will often use other artists work for a reference. I then have to explain that another person’s work can only be used for ideas, it cannot be duplicated.    

          In our class meeting this week Dr. M had one of her colleagues speak to us about writing. Billie Anns’ input was insightful for me. It made me question what my own kids are doing in school though. I have a 5th grader going to 6th and I don’t really think he has been taught how to write an essay like she is teaching. I’m sure that he has not been taught how to do research properly. She has a real good handle on teaching the students how to write and research properly. Her students are going to be well prepared for junior high and high school. I’m impressed with what she is doing for her students. She is teaching students in 4th grade what my school is teaching in high school. Great advanced teaching.

          On a final note, I learned a lot by reading through two different case studies and picking them apart to analyze the information they contained. It was challenging to put myself in someone else’s position and really think about how I would handle the situation differently or the same. The case study writings were challenging and rewarding.


Some references I found beneficial this week were:


Bailey, J. (2013, October 7). The Difference Between Copyright Infringement and Plagiarism – Plagiarism Today. Retrieved from


Bailey, J. (2017, June 21). Why Fair Use Isn’t Enough Sometimes… – Plagiarism Today. Retrieved from


Copyright and Fair Use Animation. (2014, September 15). Retrieved from


Copyright Basics: Crash Course Intellectual Property 2. (2015, April 30). Retrieved from


Morehouse, S. (2012, August 7). Explanation of the Creative Commons for Open Educational Resources. Retrieved from


Trademan, M. (2014, November 25). Trademark, Patent, or Copyright? | USPTO. Retrieved from

Digital Footprints

          This week in my Digital Learning and Leadership class has been somewhat rewarding. I have found that my digital footprint is good. No negativity at all! I have learned about net neutrality and the importance of keeping up with the laws concerning it. Using technology is what we do everyday, we must be responsible and teach responsibility to our students. If we do not teach our students right from wrong there is a big possibility that they will never be taught. Many parents do not have good digital citizenship and the ones that do often do not pass the rules on to their children.

          Technology plays a big role in our lives, even if we don’t want it too. I think technology is great when used properly, Seeing people that do not know what to do with themselves without a phone or computer accessible to them at all times is sad to me. I think that connectivity and technology is amazing and honestly I don’t think we will ever live in a world where it is not necessary to be connected. Technology is how we get almost all of our assignments together and share with our students, I personally use the internet on every project we do to show my students real life examples of what they are doing. It allows us to connect with family, friends, co-workers, it is how we shop, pay bills, it is our encyclopedia for anything we might need to know about, it is the backbone of most businesses and schools. Technology is the wave of the future, if we don’t get on board and use it to better our students then we are not giving them what they will need to advance with their futures.

          Unfortunately technology and the internet open up many opportunities for people to hurt others. We must teach our students the importance of being safe, what is acceptable or not to share, and the consequences of not displaying good digital citizenship. We have to make them aware that there are people who intend to do them harm to try and better themselves. Hacking bank accounts, stealing identities, harassing, cyberbullying are all some of the negative aspects of technology that we have to deal with and introduce our students to. We have to model and teach our students what is proper to share on the internet and what could possibly be very dangerous for them, their friends, and family.

          I also learned more than I knew before about a digital footprint. A digital footprint is everything we put on the web that everyone has access to forever. It is a digital description of ourselves. Once something is put on the internet is there for everyone to see, it can’t be undone. It is of utmost importance that we make our students aware that everything they display in the cyber world will follow them forever. This is so important for their futures. They often post things that they do not even think about, they are not thinking that their future college or job is going to look at their digital past. A simple google search will reveal a lot of information about everyone. I have not personally dealt with problems from my digital footprint but I do know many people who have.

          Nicholas Negroponte (2002) asked, “Can learning happen where there are no schools?” My answer – 100% yes. On the most basic level we learn everyday outside of the classroom. This sometimes has nothing to do with technology, but often times it does. Working and doing things with my children at home teaches both them and myself many lessons and how do improve on how we do things. If we only learned in the classroom we would have a very hard time making it in the real world. I personally feel like through my education I have learned just as much out of the classroom as I have within. I have learned and still learn from my family and friends in a real world setting, not a classroom. My wife and I always work together to help each other and instill this in our children. Learning happens in all of our everyday lives, it is up to us to utilize and pass on what we learn to others.

          The young children from Cambodia in the video, “A 30-year history of the future”, are perfect examples of how we can learn without an actual classroom. There was no real teacher per say, the students taught each other. They shared what they learned and different ways of doing things with one another. In a few instances Negroponte pointed out that one of the students would take on the role of a teacher and stand before the others and share. This is a perfect example of learning outside the classroom. When technology is including in real world learning, especially in third world countries I would think that a big issue would be access to electricity. They have access, but I can see where there could be problems with having adequate electricity for everyone. There are issues and problems with the plan of everyone across the world being connected, but I think we are headed in the right direction to make this happen.



Negroponte, N. (2014, July 8). A 30-year history of the future | Nicholas Negroponte [RED Talks]. Retrieved from

Some references that I have found helpful are listed below.

An introduction to net neutrality. (2014) Retrieved from

Detwiler, J. (2016, December/January). Technology and the American teenager. Popular Mechanics, 193(1), 100-107.Detwiler_Technology and the American Teenager.pdf

Lenhart, A. (2015). Teen, social media and technology overview 2015. The Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Madden, M., & Raine, L. (2015). Americans’ attitudes about privacy, security and survellance. Retrieved from

Ohler, J. (2011). Character education for the digital age. Educational Leadership, 68(5), 187-205. Retrieved from

Ross, M. (2014). Digital natives-digital immigrants engaging the Google generation. Forum Lectures. Retrieved from  Ross_Digital Natives-Digital Immigrants Engaging the Google Generation.pdf

Digital Citizenship Defined

         Week one in my 5316 digital learning and leadership class has introduced me to digital citizenship in a very in depth way. I thought I knew the difference between citizenship and digital citizenship, and I did to a small degree. There is much more to having good digital citizenship than I was aware of. After a lot of reading and research about the two I have come to the conclusion that there is not a lot of difference between digital citizenship and citizenship. I define Digital Citizenship as being responsible, respectful, courteous, and safe while using anything digital. Including, but not limited to computers, phones, tablets, cameras, or ipods. This is important to instill in our students because everything they are doing now will stick with them for the rest of their lives.

         Someone who displays good citizenship, is respectful, responsible, mindful of others needs, courteous, and portrays safety for themselves and others. This correlates very closely to digital citizenship. So in my opinion the only difference in the two definitions is that one revolves around everything digital and the other does not. We should be modeling and teaching our students to act in the same manner when we are using technology as we would if we were face to face with someone. It is very important that we keep in mind when we are working, playing, sharing, and communicating that there is a person on the other side of the computer we are sending information to. Although we are using a digital tool as a device for communicating, we are still conversing with a person and we must always be mindful of that.      

         There is more to using the internet or any digital tool correctly and safely than I thought. Our students are creating their personal digital footprint now, while under our supervision. That puts a lot of responsibility on teachers. This week I have learned that using and instilling Ribbles (2015) nine elements of good digital citizenship in my classroom is not only beneficial, it is a requirement. Ribble shares these elements – etiquette, access, law, communication, literacy, commerce, rights/responsibility, safety, and health/welfare that must be shared and enforced in the classroom in order for our students to become good digital citizens. I have went through the list and recognized the elements that I use almost daily and the ones that I need to spend more time learning and sharing with my students.  

          In conclusion, teaching and modeling good digital citizenship is just as, if not more important, as teaching and modeling citizenship. We as teachers must do what we can to make sure our students are aware of and abiding by all the local, state, and national rules and regulations while they are in our care. Hopefully we can instill in our students good digital citizenship and teach them right from wrong so they will make good choices when they are not in our care.

Some useful references I have found this week are:

Curran, M. (2012, June). iCitizen: Are you a socially responsible digital citizen. Paper presented at the International Society for Technology Education Annual Conference, San Antonio, TX. Retrieved from icitizen_paper_M_Curran.pdf )



Heick, T. (2013, May 2). Definition Of Digital Citzenship. Retrieved from

Ohler, J. (2012). Digital citizenship means character education for the digital age. Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 77(8), 14-17. (PDF: Ohler_Digital_citizenship_means_character_education_2012.pdf)

Polgar, D. R., & Curran, M. B.F.X. (2015). We shouldn’t assume people know what digital citizenship is. Retreived from




Ribble, M. (2015). Digital citizenship in schools: Nine elements all students should know (3rd ed.). Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education